Effect of BISP’S Unconditional Cash Transfer Program on Women Empowerment in Gilgit Baltistan


  • Fatima Ghazi Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Abo ul Hassan Rashid Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Pakistan
  • Saif Ur Rehman Saif Abbasi International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Hassan Raza International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan




BISP, Income Support, Unconditional Cash Transfer, Women Empowerment


Benazir Income Support Program (BISP) is a targeted unconditional cash transfer program initiated to provide financial support to poor and vulnerable women for smoothing and cushioning the negative effects of slow economic growth. The present study aims to find out the effect of unconditional cash transfer BISP on women’s empowerment. We analyze women’s empowerment through exploring the effect of unconditional cash transfer on household decision making, their independence, status of women in the community and their freedom from domestic violence. We interviewed 20 beneficiaries among which 10 respondents belonged to district Gilgit whereas the remaining 10 were the residents of district Nagar the data was analyzed using thematic analysis. Purposive sampling was used for data collection and respondents were traced through snowball sampling technique. The findings aver that BISP has improved the household decision making of women, increased women independence at limited level and decreased domestic violence, however, minimal effect was observed on women’s status in society.


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How to Cite

Ghazi, F. ., Rashid, M. A. ul H. ., Abbasi, S. U. R. S. ., & Raza, H. . (2021). Effect of BISP’S Unconditional Cash Transfer Program on Women Empowerment in Gilgit Baltistan. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 4(1), 131-144. https://doi.org/10.47067/ramss.v4i1.106