Trade Liberalization, Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Environmental Quality and Economic Growth Nexus: A Comparative Analysis of Pakistan and China


  • Sumaira Alvi
  • Imran Sharif Chaudhry
  • Fatima Farooq
  • Noreen Safdar



Trade Liberalization, Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth, Environment


The present research endeavors to evaluate whether trade liberalization, foreign direct investment inflows and environmental quality affect the economic growth in Pakistan and China. These have crucial role in the economies and pragmatic for formulating economic growth policies. The secondary data is used for all the variables. The ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration is applied to evaluate the determinants included in the model for both countries. The results of the research conclude that trade liberalization and foreign direct investment both have positive impact on economic growth while environmental pollution has negative impact on economic growth in long-run.


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How to Cite

Alvi, S. ., Chaudhry, I. S. ., Farooq, F. ., & Safdar, N. . (2019). Trade Liberalization, Foreign Direct Investment Inflows, Environmental Quality and Economic Growth Nexus: A Comparative Analysis of Pakistan and China. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 2(1), 17-26.

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