ICT Based Research Activities: Ethical Awareness & Applications by the Contemporary Researchers


  • Mubashrah Jamil Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Shaziah Jamil Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The Women University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Allay Hayder Urooj Broadcasting Manger, Director of Outreach, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Fatima Elahi Research Scholar, Department of Education, BZU Multan, Pakistan




Knowledge, ICT Ethics, Copy Right Acts, Plagiarism, Grabbing Data Online


Research ethics are quite familiar and are followed by the researchers in all research institutes all over the world. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are the major source of collecting, saving, analyzing and disseminating the results of these researches in all over world as well. Therefore, the major question is that whether ICT-Ethics/IT Ethics are also being followed by these researchers during their research work or not? To answer this question, a self-developed questionnaire was administered amongst the contemporary researchers of one of the main public sector University of Southern Punjab. Four factors related to ICT ethics were mainly asked in this questionnaire: Basic Understanding with ICT ethics; Grabbing Data Online; Copyright Acts and Plagiarism. Total 200 (97 male and 103 female) researchers of session 2016-18 participated in this research on the basis of their willingness. With the help of graphs, frequencies, average scores and percentages it was concluded that overall all sampled researchers’ knowledge falls under the category of ‘Average to Above Average’ in all factors of ICT based research ethics which were specifically observed in this study. By comparing results gender-wise; it was found that both categories fall under the category of ‘Below Average to Average’ knowledge; but values disclosed that female researchers’ knowledge was better than to male researchers.


Ahmadi, A., and Sonkar, S. K. (2015). Awareness regarding plagiarism and copyrighted work: a survey amongst doctoral students of Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow. Journal of Information Management, 2(2). PP: 98-110

Agarwal, A. (2017). Knowing “Knowledge” and “To Know”: An overview of concepts. International Journal of Research – Granthaalayah, 5(11), 2394-3629. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1068217

Brey, P. (2007). ‘Computer Ethics in (Higher) Education,’ in Ed. G. Dodig-Crnkovic and S. Stuart, Eds., Computation, Information, Cognition: The Nexus and the Liminal. Cambridge Scholars Press. Retrieved from https://ethicsandtechnology.eu/wp-content/uploads/downloadable-content/Brey_2007_Higher-Education.pdf

Bolisani, E., and Bratianu, C. (2018). The elusive definition of knowledge. In Bolisani, E. and Bratianu, C. ( 2018). Emergent knowledge strategies: Strategic thinking in knowledge management (pp. 1-22). Cham: Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60656_1

Charbonneau D. H., and Priehs, M. (2014). Copyright awareness, partnerships and training issues in academic libraries. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 40(3-4), 228-233. Available at: http://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/slisfrp/123

Cohen, L., Manion, L., and Morrison, K. (2018). Research methods in education. 8th Edition. Routledge: New York

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative Research. 4th Edition. Pearson: India

Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E. and Airasian, P. W. (2015). Educational research: competencies for analysis and application. 10th Edition. Pearson: UK

Hong Y. P., Il-Hyung C., Sook J. & Dorrie M. (2015). Information and communication technology and user knowledge-driven innovation in services. Cogent Business & Management, 2(1), 1078869, DOI: 10.1080/23311975.2015.1078869

Jo Shan Fu (2013). ICT in education: a critical literature review and its implications. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 9(1). PP: 112-125.

Joshi, A., Meza, J., Costa S., Perin D. M. P., Trout, K. and Rayamajih A. (2013). The role of Information and Communication Technology in community outreach, academic and research collaboration and education and support services (IT-CARES). Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3797554/

Marmat, G. (2013). Role of ICT in sustainability of research: a conceptual framework. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 2(4). Retrieved from https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v2i4/IJSRON2013899.pdf

Mohajan, H. K. (2017). Knowledge is an essential element at present world. International Journal of Publication and Social Studies. Retrieved from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/83041/1/MPRA_paper_83041.pdf

Omona, W., Weide, T. and Lubega, J. (2010). Using ICT to enhance knowledge management in higher education: a conceptual framework and research agenda. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 6(4). PP: 83-101

Polkowski, Z. (2015). Ethical issues in the use and implementation of ICT. Journal of Management and Research, ed. R. Khajuria, R. Banerjee i K. Sinha, 4th International Conference on “Business Ethic for Good Corporate Governance & Sustainability”, Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad, 6-7 February 2015, pp. 2-5, ISSN 2231-1904.

Presthus, W. and Munkvold, B. E. (2016). How to frame your contribution to knowledge? A guide for junior researchers in information systems. Paper presented at NOKOBIT, Bergen, during 28-30 November. NOKOBIT, 24(1), Bibsys Open Journal Systems, ISSN 1894-7719.

Trucano, M. (2005). Knowledge Maps: ICT in Education. Washington, DC: infoDev / World Bank. Available at: http://www.infodev.org/en/Publication.8.html

Vega-Encabo, J. (2016). The concept of knowledge: What is it for? Disputatio, VIII(43), pp: 187-202. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/78465626.pdf




How to Cite

Jamil, M. ., Jamil, S. ., Urooj, A. H. ., & Elahi, F. . (2021). ICT Based Research Activities: Ethical Awareness & Applications by the Contemporary Researchers. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 4(1), 223-235. https://doi.org/10.47067/ramss.v4i1.114