Economic Growth, Environmental Efficiency, and Industrial Transfer Demonstration Zones of China: A Way Forward for CPEC


  • Farhana Nosheen Department of Economics, Government Associate college for women, Muzafrabad, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Imran Department of Economics, Ghazi University, DG. Khan, Pakistan
  • Sadia Anjum Department of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Bahadur Campus Layyah, Pakistan
  • Robina Kouser Department of Economics, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal, Pakistan



CPEC, Industrial Transfer Demonstration Zone (ITDZ), Industrial Clustering, Environmental Efficiency, Difference In Difference


Environmental efficiency, industrial transfer demonstration zones, and carbon transfer networks can impact the quality of the environment. This paper examines the relationship between environmental efficiency, carbon transfer networks, and national industrial transfer demonstration zones tested by utilizing some prefectural-level Chinese cities’ panel data from 2003 to 2017 through the Different-in-Difference method as way forward for China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The results show that environmental efficiency improved with industrial transfer demonstration zones by boosting the ability to innovate, government’s expenditure on the environment, and regulatory frameworks for the environment. The findings reflect a significant increase in the GDP of the triennial industry while an insignificant decrease. Hence, to promote all-inclusive first-rate development, regional collaborative must be ensured during industrial transformation demonstration.


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How to Cite

Nosheen, F. ., Imran, M. ., Anjum, S. ., & Kouser, R. . (2021). Economic Growth, Environmental Efficiency, and Industrial Transfer Demonstration Zones of China: A Way Forward for CPEC. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 4(2), 357-370.