Need Assessment of Guidance and Counselling Services at the Secondary Level in Southern Punjab, Pakistan


  • Khalid Khurshid Professor,Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Shabiha Anjum Visiting Lecturer,Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Nasir Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Education, IIU Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Farah Latif Naz Lecturer, Department of Education,Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan,Pakistan



Need Assessment, Guidance, Counseling, Secondary Schools


The main purpose of the present study is to observe need assessment for guidance and Counseling services and its existing status at secondary level in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Furthermore, it was important to identify the most common problems faced by the students at secondary level. The present study was delimited to different public and private sector secondary schools of districts including Multan, Khanewal and Lodhran from the province of Punjab. Target Population of the study was consisted of forty (40) secondary schools, out of which twenty (20) public and twenty (20) private sector secondary schools. Total three hundred and ten (310) students were taken as a sample by using simple random sampling technique by using table of random numbers. A Questionnaire was developed as research tool which was based upon five points (05) Likert-type scale to collect quantitative data. After data collection, data was coded to analyze by using SPSS software. The results of the present study showed that there was a need to introduce guidance and Counseling services at secondary school level to address the students’ dire needs. Moreover, orientation programs are needed to arrange for teachers to provide professional training about these services. It was also recommended that guidance and Counseling services are the best solution to resolve personal, psychological & educational problems, source of educational, professional & personality growth, development and motivation towards their studies.


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How to Cite

Khurshid, K. ., Anjum, S. ., Khan, M. N. ., & Naz, F. L. . (2021). Need Assessment of Guidance and Counselling Services at the Secondary Level in Southern Punjab, Pakistan . Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 4(2), 393-401.