Psychological Problems among Patients Suffer in HIV/AIDS in Pakistan


  • Malik Mureed Hussain Director and Associate Professor, Multan Postgraduate College, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tahir Khalily Professor of Psychology at International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Zahid Zulfiqar Visiting Lecture Sociology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan



Treatment Motivation, Patients, Stigma, Disclosure, HIV


This study examines the treatment motivation, stigma, and disclosure in 287 HIV-infected patients in Pakistan. Four validation scales were applied to assess treatment motivation, stigma and disclosure of patients. The results showed that female patients had significantly higher levels of stigma and disclosure than male patients. Unmarried patients had significantly higher levels of stigma and disclosure than married patients. Moreover, the treatment motivation significantly positively correlated with self-disclosure. Stigma significantly positively correlated with disclosure. Stigma and self-disclose could predicate the treatment motivation. The study concluded that female and unmarried patients with HIV positive had more stigma and disclosure. Stigma, and disclosure affect the treatment motivation of patients with HIV positive.


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How to Cite

Hussain, M. M. ., Khalily, M. T. ., & Zulfiqar, Z. . (2021). Psychological Problems among Patients Suffer in HIV/AIDS in Pakistan. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 4(2), 559-567.