Exposure of Air Pollution and its Relationship with Child Mortality in Pakistan


  • Noreen Safdar Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, the Women University Multan, Pakistan
  • Hala Asif M.Phil. scholar Department of Economics, The Women University Multan, Pakistan
  • Fatima Farooq Assistant Professor, School of Economics Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan




Renewable Energy, Energy Use, Coal Energy, Human Health, Child Mortality, Pakistan


This study discovered the special effects of coal energy (a kind of non-renewable energy), Greenhouse gases, Industrialization, Population growth rate and renewable energy on human health, with key emphasis on Child Mortality rate in Pakistan. For profound practical insight, study established Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model and study analyzed time series data of Pakistan for time period 1986 to 2017. The results reported that with an increase in use of coal energy mortality among children increase. In addition, results also underscored that by turning to renewable energy (energy by sun, wind and air) the health conditions could be improved as renewable energy type is environment friendly and does not produce Greenhouse gases. So, renewable energy serves as a helping factor to reduce mortality among children in Pakistan. On the other hand, coal energy is the cause of environmental degradation by increasing amount of Greenhouse gas emissions in atmosphere which in turn causes Child mortality in Islamic Republic of Pakistan.


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How to Cite

Safdar , N. ., Asif , H. ., & Farooq, F. . (2020). Exposure of Air Pollution and its Relationship with Child Mortality in Pakistan. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 3(2), 247-258. https://doi.org/10.47067/ramss.v3i2.59

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