Empirical Evidence on Concept of Knowledge Perspective in Construction Firms in Pakistan


  • Muhammad Wasim Jan Khan Assistant Professor: Department of Management Sciences, University College of Zhob, BUITEMS (BUITEMS Sub-Campus Zhob) Balochistan, Pakistan
  • Abdullah Khan MS Engineering Management, CECOS University of IT & Emerging Sciences Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Zujaj Ahmed Department of Business Administration & Commerce, Institute of Southern Punjab, Multan, Pakistan
  • Gohar Sulaiman PhD Scholar: Department of Management Sciences, Iqra National University Peshawar, Pakistan




Knowledge, Firm Performance, KPK, Pakistan


Development and growth demand proper infrastructure, roads and sustainability of management practices with the organization. In order to negate any errors that come our way, Knowledge-based perspective helps in the long run. It states that gathering information, its efficient distribution and ability to market that information in order to gain competitive advantage and gain customers as a monetary advantage is one of the main perks of being in the 21st century. Constantly removing mistakes/errors from construction practices by acquiring information through a lot of means, via internet in case of customers or feedback or most off all-knowing competitors, their advantages, discrepancies, managing your disadvantages and enabling your team to go above and beyond into negating it, so that firm could raise their competitive advantage. This visionary attitude is what keeps companies sustainable and being competitive in almost all aspects with competitors. Innovation grows; new and improved products are produced as a result. To establish the proof for the idea, in this research a total of 100 companies are taken as a sample from KPK region of Pakistan.


Al-Ghassani, A.M., Robinson, H.S., Carrillo, P. M., & Anumba, C.J. (2002). A framework for selecting knowledge management tools. Internal report, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, UK.278.

Ambrosini, V., & Bowman, C. (2009). What are dynamic capabilities and are they a useful construct in strategic management? International Journal of Management Reviews.

Anumba, C., Egbu, C., & Carrillo, P. (2005). Knowledge management in construction. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Carmeli, A., and Tishler, A. (2004). The relationships between intangible organizational elements and organizational performance. Strategic Management Journal, 25(13), 1257–1278.

Carrillo, P. (2004). Managing Knowledge: Lessons from the oil and gas sector. Constr. Manage. Econ., 22(6).

Carrillo, P. M., Robinson, H. S., Anumba, C.J., & Al-Ghassani, A.M. (2003). A Framework for Linking Knowledge Management to Business Performance. Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 1(1), 1-12.

Cegarra-Navarro, J. C., & Martinez-Conessa, E, A (2007). Implementing e-business through organizational learning: An empirical investigation in SMEs. International Journal of Information Management.

Chandra H.P. (2015). Structural equation model for investigating risk factors affecting project success in Surabaya. Procedia Engineering 125.

Chisholm, M.A., & Nielsen, K. (2009). Social capital and the resource-based view of the firm.

Davenport, T. H., & Prusak, L. (1998). Working knowledge: How organizations manage what they know. Harvard Business Press.

Faridi, A.S. and El-Sayegh, S.M. (2006). Significant factors causing delay in the UAE construction industry. Journal of Construction Management and Economics, 24 (11), 24-25.

Fong, P. S. W. (2005). Co-creation of knowledge by multidisciplinary project teams, in Management of Knowledge in Project Environment, P.E. Love, P.S.W. Fong and Z. Irani (eds). Oxford: Elsevier Ltd.

Fong, P., Hills, M., and Hayles, C. (2007). Dynamic knowledge creation through value management teams. Journal of Management in Engineering, 23(1).

Frimpong, Y., Oluwoye, J., & Crawford, L. (2003). Causes of delay and cost overruns in construction of groundwater projects in developing countries; Ghana as a case study. International Journal of Project Management 2(5), 321-326.

Galbreath, J. (2004). Determinants of firm success: A resource-based analysis. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Curtin University of Technology.

Gassmann, O., & Keupp, M. M. (2007). The competitive advantage of early and rapidly internationalizing SMEs in the biotechnology industry: A knowledge-based view. Journal of World Business, 42(3).

Gassmann, O., & Keupp, M. M. (2007). The past and the future of international entrepreneurship: A review and suggestions for developing the field.

Gounaris, S., Avlonitis, G., & Papastathopoulou, P. (2004). Managing a firm’s behavior through market orientation development: Some empirical findings. European Journal of Marketing, 38(11), 1481-1508.

Grant, R. M. (1996). Prospering in dynamically-competitive environments: Organizational capability as knowledge integration. Organization Science, 7(4), 375-387.

Hsu, M. H., Ju, T. L., Yen, C. H., & Chang, C. M. (2007). Knowledge sharing behavior in virtual communities: The relationship between trust, self-efficacy, and outcome expectations. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 65(2), 153-169.

Kamara, J. M., Anumba, C.J., & Carrillo, P. M. (2002). A CLEVER Approach to Selecting a Knowledge Management Strategy. International Journal of Project Management, 20(3), 205-211.

Kazi, A. S. (2005). Knowledge management in the construction industry: A socio-technical approach. London: Idea Group Publishing.

Khalfan, M. A., Bouchlaghem, D. M., Anumba, C. J., & Carrillo, P. M. (2002). A Framework for Managing Sustainability Knowledge, the C-SAND Approach. Internal report, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough.

Khan, M. A., Hussain, A., Hussain, J., & Khan, M. H. (2020). Effect of Performance Appraisal on Employees’ Satisfaction: A Case Study of University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 3(2), 131-140.

Kim, T., Lee, J., Chun, J., & Benbasat, I. (2014). Understanding the effect of knowledge management strategies on knowledge performance: a contingency perspective. Information and Management, 51, 398-416.

Kingston, J. (2012). Choosing a knowledge dissemination approach. Knowledge and Process Management, 19(3), 160-170.

Kogut, B. (2000). The network as knowledge: Generative rules and the emergence of structure. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 405-425.

Kruger, C. (2009). Knowledge management maturity from a strategic/managerial perspective. Pretoria: University of Pretoria. (PhD thesis in Information Technology).

Kruger, C., & Johnson, R. (2013). Knowledge management according to organisational size: A South African perspective. SA Journal of Information Management 15(1), 1-11.

Landau, M., & Everett, L. (2004). Handbook of statistical analysis using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences).

Leiblein, M. J. (2011). What do resource and capability based theories propose? Journal of Management, 37(4), 909-932.

Lin, C. T. S. (2007). Sources of competitive advantage for emerging fast growth small-to-medium enterprises: The role of business orientation, marketing capabilities, customer value and firm performance. Doctoral Dissertation, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University.

Lin, Y., & Taylor, H. (2009). An organizational memory approach to the knowledge dissemination of post-project reviews: Combining knowledge management and organizational learning, International Research Workshop on IT Project Management.

Ling, F. Y., Low, S. P., Wang, S. Q., & Lim, H. H. (2009). Key project management practices affecting Singaporean firms’ project performance in China. International Journal of Project Management, 27(1), 59-71.

Liu, S., Zhang, J., Keil, M., and Chen, T. (2009). Comparing senior executive and project manager perceptions of IT project risk: A Chinese Delphi study. Information Systems Journal, 20(4), 319-355.

Lytras, M. D., & Pouloudi, A. (2003). Project Management as Knowledge Management primer: the learning infrastructure in knowledge-intensive organizations: projects as knowledge transformations and beyond. The Learning Organization, 10.

Maharaj, B. & Ramballi, K. (1998). Local economic development strategies in an emerging democracy: the case of Durban in South Africa. Urban Studies 35(1), 131-148.

Mertins, K., Heisig, P., Vorbeck, J. (2003) Knowledge Management Concepts and Best Practices. Berlin, Germany, Springer.

Nonaka, I., R. Toyama and N. Konno (2000). SECI and Leadership: A Unified Model of Dynamic Knowledge Creation. Long Range Planning.

O’Dell, C., & Grayson, C. J. 1998. If we only knew what we know: The transfer of internal knowledge. California Management Review, 40(3), 154-174.

O’Hara, W.T. (2004). Centuries of success: Lessons from the world’s most enduring family businesses. Avon, MA: Adams Media.

Ooi, K. B., Teh, P. L., & Chong, A. Y. L. (2009). Developing an integrated model of TQM and HRM on KM activities. Management Research News, 32(5), 477-490.

Palacios, D., Gil, I., & Garrigos, F. (2009). The impact of knowledge management on innovation and entrepreneurship in the biotechnology and telecommunications industries. Small Business Economics, 32(3), 291-301.

Pinto, M. B., & Pinto, J. K. (1990). Project team communication and cross-functional cooperation in new program development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 7(3), 200-212.

Randal, T.B (2013). The knowledge-based view of the firm: The Impact of local market knowledge on domestic firm performance in both transitional and developed economies. Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects. Paper 553.

Rehman, M. A., Ghaffar, G., Shahzadi, K., & Ghazanfar, R. (2020). Human Capital Formation and Economic Growth in Emerging Asia: Empirical Evidence Using Panel Data. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 3(2), 205-212.

Sambasivan, M. & Soon, Y. W. (2007). Causes and Effects of Delays in Malaysian Construction Industry. International Journal of Project Management, 25(5), 517-526.

Sarhadi, H. A. (2013). Examine the role of Knowledge Management customers in improving the Ansar Bank. Master Thesis, University of Sistan and Baluchestan.

Schindler, M., & Eppler, M. J. (2003). Harvesting project knowledge: A review of project learning methods and success factors. International Journal of Project Management, 21(3), 219-228.

Simonin, B. L. (1999). Ambiguity and the Process of Knowledge Transfer in Strategic Alliances. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 595-623.

Soliman, F., & Spooner, K. (2000). Strategies for Implementing Knowledge Management: role of human resource management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(4), 337-345.

Surroca, J., Tribo, J. A., & Waddock, S. (2010). Corporate responsibility and financial performance: The role of intangible resources. Strategic Management Journal, 31(5), 463-490.

Tsai, M. T., & Li, Y. H. (2007). Knowledge creation process in new venture strategy and performance. Journal of Business Research, 60(4), 371-381.

Walczak, S. (2005). Organisational knowledge management structure. The Learning Organisation, 12(4), 330-339.

Wang, J., Lin, W., & Huang, Y. (2010). A performance-oriented risk management framework for innovative R&D projects. Technovation, 30(11-12), 601-611.

Wiig (1999) Knowledge Management: An Emerging Discipline Rooted in a Long History. Knowledge Research Institute, Inc.

Yang, L., Chen, J., & Wang, H. (2012). Assessing impacts of information technology on project success through knowledge management practice. Automation in Construction, 22, 182-191.

Yang, L., Huang, C., & Wu, K. (2011). The association among project manager's leadership style, teamwork and project success. International Journal of Project Management, 29(3), 258-267.

Zack, M. H. (1999). Developing a knowledge strategy. California Management Review, 41(3), 125-145.

Zaheer, S. (1995). Overcoming the liability of foreignness. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2), 341-363.

Zander, U., & B. Kogut (1995). Knowledge and the Speed of the Transfer and Imitation of Organizational Capabilities: An Empirical Test. Organization Science 6(1), 76-92.

Zhang, Z. H., Waszink, A. B., & Wijngaard, J. (2000). An instrument for measuring TQM implementation for Chinese manufacturing companies. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 17(7), 730-755.




How to Cite

Khan, M. W. J. ., Khan, A. ., Ahmed, Z. ., & Sulaiman, G. . (2020). Empirical Evidence on Concept of Knowledge Perspective in Construction Firms in Pakistan. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 3(3), 287-301. https://doi.org/10.47067/ramss.v3i3.64