Mediating Effect of It Tools Usage on the Relationship Between Academic Self-efficacy, Learning Attitude and Academic Performance


  • Nargis Abbas Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Uzma Ashiq Department of Social Work, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Ayesha Abbas Leads Business School, Lahore Leads University, Pakistan



Information Technology Integration, Path Analysis, Academic Performance, Secondary Public School


Information technology has a powerful impact on our daily doings in all walks of life. Particularly in educational settings, the pyramid of learning attitude has been altered by the usage of technological tools in learning process and thus the performance of the students. However, comprehensive integration of information technology tools to enhance the learning is a deemed necessity of information age where adolescents are seemed as digital natives. Therefore, this study focused on measuring the mediating effect of information technology usage on the relationship of Academic efficacy &learning attitude and academic performance of the students in secondary schools. Multi stage sampling technique was used; 10% of secondary public schools were randomly selected from four randomly selected Tehsils of Sargodha as sample; at second stage, 20% of the 10th graders were selected from each school through stratified random sampling. Data was collected through questionnaire by using quantitative survey method. Path analysis was applied to study the mediating effect of IT usage on the relationship between academic self-efficacy and academic performance. Findings revealed that academic self-efficacy exert significant positive in direct effect on the academic performance mediated through IT usage. Similarly, academic attitude also found to have significant direct and indirect effect on the academic performance. Therefore, it is suggested that teachers should integrate the technology embedded activities in their teaching.


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How to Cite

Abbas, N. ., Ashiq, U. ., & Abbas, A. . (2020). Mediating Effect of It Tools Usage on the Relationship Between Academic Self-efficacy, Learning Attitude and Academic Performance. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 3(3), 377-389.