Instructions for Authors:

The authors submitting and publishing in RAMSS agree to the copyright policy under creative common license 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International). Under this license, the authors published in RAMSS let others remix, tweak, and build upon their work non-commercially. Yet all the other authors using the content of RAMSS are required to cite author(s) and journal and SPCRD Global Publishing information in their work.

All manuscripts should be in English language (US English). Research papers/articles should be thoroughly checked by the author(s) to avoid grammatical, typographical and syntax errors. If the manuscript is written in a second or third language, it is recommended to first contact a language reviewing service to avoid grammar and style mistakes. The SPCRD Global Publishing also provide the paid facility of proof-reading/language revision to the authors from the online third party.

Length of paper:

The length of paper should be in between (4000-6000 words) including tables and references in APA style only.

Title page:

It should include concise, specific, relevant and informative title (avoid abbreviations in the title). Please indicate the full name of author(s) clearly. Present the authors affiliation below the names. Provide the full address of each affiliation, including the country name and correct e-mail address of each author. Please clearly indicate who (corresponding author) is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of peer review and publication.

General rules for text:

Please use the following rules for whole text, including abstract, keywords, JEL Codes, headings and references:

Font: Times New Roman; Size: 12
Paragraph Spacing: 12 pt
Line Spacing: fixed – Single
Heading: Times New Roman; Size-12; Bold;
A concise and factual abstract is required (150-250 words) without any headings. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, data set, methodology, results, major conclusions and usefulness of the study produced in a continuous paragraph.

In case of a big table, it should be pasted in landcaping style and source of all tables should be mentioned. 



Immediately after the abstract, provide 4-6 keywords specific to the research article.


JEL Codes:

Since the JEL classification system was developed for use in the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL), and is a standard method of classifying scholarly literature in the field of economics, therefore, authors are mandatory to write JEL classifications Codes from the website mentioned below:


This section may cover overall background and description of the study, narrow down to research objectives, motivation of the topic, importance/significance, proposed tasks and novelty. Abbreviations should be described in parentheses when first time they appear in the text.

Literature review:

This section may critically describe/evaluate literature relevant to research problem, establish context, compare and contrast the most recent developments in literature and trends. Search gaps after concentrating on thought leaders’ work and linking the research with relevant theories. Authors are flexible in writing literature review as  to be the part of introduction section.

Data & Methodology:

The sources and types of data should clearly be mentioned in this section. List of variables description should also be the part of this section. This section may describe the statistical and econometric techniques applied to the data sets with the explanation of construction of hypotheses, equations, statistical tool and justification in case of quantitative analysis while for qualitative analysis, methodology should clearly be mentioned.In case of some qualitative papers even methodology is compulsory to write. 

Results and Discussion:

This section may cover in depth interpretation through applying higher order thinking skill of analysis and develop novel arguments based on significance of statistical or econometric relations. Establish interconnections among and within variables/models/frameworks. Testing hypotheses and comparing with literature would be an advantage of the article.

Conclusion and recommendations:

It may be broken into meaningful paraghraphs without any sub-heading, i.e. conclusion, theoretical contribution, practical implications, recommendations, future study directions and limitations.


Present figures if any, in order (suitable heading and specific number; Arabic numerals) wherever appropriate in the text. High-resolution (black and white preferably) graphs must be provided in the main text of the paper.

Present tables if any with suitable heading and specific number (Arabic numerals) at the appropriate place of the article. Use the Table option of Microsoft Word to create tables. Ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Refer to table number wherever appropriate in the text of the paper.

Acknowledgements/Contribution of Authors:

All types of acknowledgements regarding contribution of authors and financial aids/sources of funding in case of research projects should be mentioned at the end of complete article but before the references. The contribution of authors is mandatory author-wise only with in one sentence in all submissions. One author's contribution should be in one sentence minimum and accordingly for rest of authors. The closure of contribution of authors is mandatory to write before the References. 

Citations in the text/references should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA).

Background information, list of respondents, list of countries/companies or questionnaire may be described in this section. 

Plagiarism Policy:

In accordance with the guidelines of Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences (RAMSS) observes Zero Tolerance to plagiarism. We use Turnitin for all research papers submitted to detect possible plagiarism. If similarity index is more than 20%, the paper is returned back to the author(s) immediately. The RAMSS only accepts submissions of articles less than 20 % similarity index through any software but preferably through Turnitin.  

Authors Responsibilities:

Authors are expected to act according to the publication ethics international standards for authors developed by COPE during the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity in Singapore in 2010. These are summarized as follows:

  1. The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.
  2. Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.
  1. Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
  2. Researchers should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere.
  3. Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work.
  4. The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting.
  1. Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed.
  2. Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process.
  3. All authors have to contribute significantly to the research addressing a relevant topic in the area of the social sciences research from a multidisciplinary approach;
  4. All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes;
  5. Authors are obliged to provide a list of references including the most relevant and current literature;
  6. Submitted manuscripts should not be under consideration for publication in other journals.

For a detailed account of ethics international standards for authors  developed by COPE during the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity in Singapore in 2010, please access the following document: