In Circulation of Hatred Speeches in Educational Institutes: A Review from the Literature about the Role of Social Media


  • Shahzad Ali Chairman, Department of Communication Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Mubashrah Jamil Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Allay Haider Urooj Research Scholar, Department of Communication Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan



Hate Speeches, Hate, Education, Psychology, Social Media


Hate is a negative emotional phenomenon whose characteristics are anger, contempt or disgust. This emotional attitude sometimes leads towards revenge in the form of criminal act. This situation may challenge the school administrators to keep teaching-learning process smooth and effective. Hate speeches on social media is a common exercise among all age group people. Educational institutes are also under attack due to these practices. Students are permanently and continuously connected on social media. They are less prepared and trained to deal with online hate speeches. This qualitative study has focused this issue and derived results from literature. Racism, homophobia, religious biasedness, trans-phobia and sexual harassment are common social media generated problems in educational institutes which are types of online hate speech. It is therefore, suggested at the end of this study that students must be trained and taught about gender violence and discrimination; raise awareness about the importance and positive usage of media and digital based information.


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How to Cite

Ali, S. ., Jamil, M. ., & Urooj , A. H. . (2021). In Circulation of Hatred Speeches in Educational Institutes: A Review from the Literature about the Role of Social Media. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 4(2), 605-611.