Construction & Validation of Civic Sense Scale (CSS) in Urdu Language for Pakistani Secondary School Students
Keywords:Civic Self-Perception, Civic Knowledge, Civic Practices, Civic Sense, Pakistan
Civic sense plays a crucial role in human life. It determines the success and usefulness of a citizen in a society. The civic sense consists of both civic knowledge and civic practices. The students’ civic knowledge or self-perception of civic sense improves their civic practices in the community. This paper describes constructing and validating the Civic Sense Scale (CSS). This scale is prepared to measure students’ civic knowledge and civic practices. Generalized Structural Component Analysis (GSCA) technique is applied in this study. This scale was administered to 1200 Federal Government Educational Institutions students studying in 10th grade in Pakistan. A total of 1196 students out of 1200 students responded to the questionnaire. The data was collected from students through a stratified sampling technique. Both self-perception and civic practices on civic sense consisted of 45 items. There were 23 and 22 items on Civic Sense Scale on self-perception and civic practices, respectively. The reliability indicator Cronbach’s alpha and Rho were observed to be more than 0.7. Likewise, the construct validity, convergent and discriminant validity measures were in acceptable ranges. These show that Civic Sense Scale (CSS) is highly recommended to measure civic sense and its practices in the educational setting. Initially, this study was limited to secondary school students in Federal Government Educational Institutions of Pakistan.